The gender pay gap is the difference between male and female earnings. This difference is expressed as a percentage of male earnings. The gender pay gap reduces women’s lifetime earnings and also affects their pensions – this is one of the significant causes of poverty in later life for women.
UN Women is very clear about what the gender pay gap represents. They call it “robbery”. We believe that this is the best way to describe gender-based salary discrimination that is global issue where the difference in salary between men and women ranges between 20-25%.
By law, men and women must get equal pay for doing ‘equal work’ (work that equal pay law classes as the same, similar, equivalent or of equal value).
This means someone must not get less pay compared to someone who is both:
Equal pay law applies to pay and terms and conditions of employment, including:
By law, ‘equal work’ counts as either:
Some jobs can be classed as equal work, even if the roles seem different. For example, a clerical job and a warehouse job might be classed as equal work.